Publishers sell their impressions either directly or programmatically. In direct deals, publishers and advertisers will pre-negotiate and settle on a CPM/CPA/CPC. In programmatic deals, publishers will make their impressions available to multiple demand partners with the help of SSP. Whatever the method of selling is, publishers need to care about eCPM and learn to increase it to improve their ad revenue.
So, What exactly is eCPM?
Before we plunge into the strategies to increase eCPM, let’s shed some light on basics.
eCPM stands for “effective Cost Per Mille”. “Mille” is a Latin word that represents one thousand and “effective” indicates actual value, rather than face (projected) value.
In short, eCPM is the ad revenue generated per 1000 impressions. You can calculate the ad revenue generated by a specific ad unit with the help of eCPM. Thus, eCPM is the exact cost to the advertiser for thousand hits. The more the eCPM the more profits a publisher makes.
eCPM is calculated by a simple formula as shown below.
eCPM = (total earnings/total impressions) x 1,000.
Why is calculating eCPM important for Publishers?
1. As we mentioned earlier it depicts the actual revenue generated by the ads running on your site.
2. It helps you to make an educated decision* on the type of ad units to create/run in the future.
*For instance, if an SSP/Ad Exchange paid you $5 for 500 impressions, for a 300 x 250 ad unit and $3 for 800 impressions, for a 250 x 250 ad unit, there is no way you could compare them directly. But, when you calculate eCPM for both the ad units, you will know that the former earned you $10 while the latter earned you only $3.75. You can plan and create ad units accordingly.
How to Increase eCPM
Here are some of the strategies that will help you to increase eCPM and maximize your profit as a publisher.
1. Experiment with Ad Networks
As we use to say, ad networks are simply the aggregators of demands and supplies. It is up to you to make sure relevant ads are being shown to your users.
How can you do that?
- By partnering with the right ad networks. Yes, there are still intelligent ad networks in the market who are capable of targeting the right audience at the right time.
- By Partnering with an SSP. (Refer the next strategy below)
But wait, why do you need to care about relevancy? As a publisher, you’re getting paid when the ads are served. However, one of the essential factors to increase CTR is Ad-relevancy that ultimately affect eCPM. After all, not all ad networks will pay you based on the impressions alone. So, the more the CTR the more is eCPM.
2. Partner with Ad Mediation Agencies/SSPs
Yes, publishing ads via mediators’ calls for a greater success and increased eCPM. Ad networks generally unite publishers and advertisers, allocating ads on the basis of their own targeting criteria. It’s basically the middleman. As demonstrated above, multiple networks have their pros and cons.
A mediation company (commonly known as SSPs) connects the publisher with various Ad Networks and Ad Exchanges. As the SSPs are working with various demand sources (Ad Exchanges, DSPs, etc.) already, they can open up your inventories to more bidders, thus, increasing eCPM. Besides, they can help you optimize your ad stack, improve your demands and better user experience. This may seem obvious. But partnering with an SSP who over deliver is harder than you think.
It is worth mentioning that partnering with the right SSP is essential as it influences your revenue directly.
At Automatad, we help publishers of all sizes to monetize their inventories. We connect them with the right Ad Exchanges and implement the suitable solutions (for instance, Header Bidding) to ensure higher ad quality and better user experience. You can learn more about us at automatad.com
3. Attempt Different Ad Formats
This part is quite tricky. Some of the ad formats might always work for others, but not for you. So, you can’t follow a standard set of ad formats, hoping to increase your eCPM. However, following are some of the most used formats. Begin with a few and then, wait for the results.
Banners: Permanent rectangular and square-shaped ad formats that usually appear on the websites. How can you choose the right out of many?
Pick the one with highest fill rate and lower chances of getting affected by fraudsters. eMarketer study shows why certain ads are prone to ad frauds and it’s always recommended to avoid them (as much as you can).
Interstitial: These have one of the greatest eCPM rates. Also identified as “full page” ads, these occupy the full screen of the user’s device. But do consider the user experience and make sure the frequency cap is set at the optimal level.
Video: These ads are both “intended” (the user can skip the ad), or “compulsory” (where the interface returns after the video is finished after a period of time) and are considered as one of the best formats these days.
4. Changing the Ad Placement
You should experiment with different ad placements on multiple sections of the page using a mixture of ad sizes. Keep your statistic tools handy to compute CTR and best position on the webpage. If this is professionally handled, the right placements serve huge profits.
For instance, a heat map tool like hotjar can help you figure out the ideal placements with higher user engagements.
Again, many believe that adding multiple banners on a webpage can get increased clicks for improving website performance. Again, this is untrue. Adding multiple banners on a webpage can lead to “ads blindness”.
5. Keep up with the Industry eCPM
We all know how the demand of a particular format increases as the users change their behavior. In order to keep up and evolve, you need to track the industry average CPM/eCPM of different formats.
A proven example is video ads. You can see how video ad formats have experienced an increased demand just over the last few years and if it was on your watch list, you’ll be playing video ads to the users by now and bagging higher eCPM.
6. Generate SE Traffic
The greater the number of visitors, the greater is the opportunity of them interacting with ads and earning higher daily profits. Is that so?
Of course, not all the traffic sources are proven to increase your eCPM. Particularly, Search Engine Traffic captures the highest eCPM.
SEO is the organic technique of driving traffic and hence, users (obtained through SEO) reading your content are expected to stay longer and interact with ads more than the others.
Social media, on the other hand, helps in getting the content quickly go viral. This provides thousands of unique website hits in a short span of time that significantly increase your eCPM. Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter are there to let people share content with one another. So, if you have a rich and valuable content, you can leverage these social media platforms to drive organic traffic to your website.
7. Make Your Site Mobile-friendly
With the ever-evolving Google algorithm, non-mobile-friendly websites will lose a lot of organic traffic, this, in turn, results in reduced eCPM. Besides, we’re mobile. A lot of users are accessing your content through mobile devices on the go.
This means you need a mobile friendly site with the right ad units to increase eCPM. In case, if you’re providing a better user experience and higher ad engagement on mobile, buyers would love to bid more for your impressions.
eCPM is quite easy to understand. And if it is broken down into CTR and conversion rate, it turns out to be a lot simpler to move towards new ideas to increase eCPM.
It is not possible to get an ideal eCPM during initial efforts. Test a number of ad networks, ad placements, ad formats and traffic driving ways to observe the methods which bring out the best eCPM rates. The strategies we’ve shown here is only a start. Keep optimizing and keep growing.
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